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By admin | December 1, 2004

Here is Ted’s court affidavit followed by his BIO, Constitutional Question Notice and a letter to the City of Victoria Police in 1997.

L.E. SMITH: Affidavit #1
Sworn Jan _____, 2004

Court File No. 112460
Victoria Registry


Leon Edward SMITH, Defendant


I, Leon Ted Smith, of the International Hempology 101 Society, in the City of Victoria, in the Province of B.C. MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1)I am the current and founding president of the International Hempology 101 Society, which educates about hemp, cannabis and prohibition, and the founder of the Cannabis Buyers Clubs of Canada, which has publicly provided cannabis-based products to people with permanent, physical disabilities and diseases since Jan 1996. Other work and social history available on attached resume, Exhibit A and letter to chief of police March 1997, Exhibit B.

2)I have a Bachelor of Arts degree in philosophy from Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ont., graduating in 94. After starting in economics with a minor in math, I focused upon philosophy where I studied the history of intellectual thought, theories about truth, reason and logic, and personally developed the capacity to understand, explain and participate in current socio-economic issues. I am also very close to completing a degree in economics.

3)Since the age of 16, for the most part, I have been a cannabis consumer. Initially my intended use of cannabis was an experiment in recreational drug use. It was when my best friend died in a car accident when I was 24 that my alcohol habit became a serious problem, and my use of the herb became more medicinal in nature. It has now been over 8 years since I have had a drink of alcohol, and I believe I am a healthier, happier and more responsible citizen since I left that intoxicant behind. Over the years I have learned through my experience that cannabis is a relatively benign drug when compared to legal intoxicants like alcohol and tobacco, while providing relief during severe bouts of depression, occasion physical pain and the stress of daily life.
I have read dozens of books and studies on the subject of cannabis. I have also written a textbook for Hempology 101, with a chapter on the medical effects of cannabis and another covering the history and theory of drug prohibition.


4)On Sept 7, 2004, I was granted an acquittal by Justice Chaperon in the Victoria Provincial Courthouse in relation to charges laid on Jan 3, 2002 at the storefront of the CBC. In this decision the judge confirmed that the clubs mandate and sign-up procedures provide a reasonable framework upon which to operate a medical compassion club. The club was confirmed as a not-for-profit organization because it restricts its membership to the seriously ill and the club has a policy to take membership away from individuals caught re-selling the clubs products, acting irresponsible or otherwise behaving in a suspicious manner. Justice Chaperon found my testimony to be completely credible and wrote, Mr. Smith was very knowledgeable about the various diseases and conditions for which marijuana use could provide relief. Her decision recognized that while we were technically breaking the law, providing a safe, reliable source of cannabis to sick and vulnerable citizens is an acceptable activity and no longer a crime in todays society. File No. 118904, Victoria Registry.

5)Despite opposing the law I have the highest regard for law enforcement agents and the courts, and have indeed counted upon these institutions at different occasions to protect my life. In all of my interactions with police I am respectful, and have usually been treated the same in return.
In the police report from the Jan 3, 2002 raid, officer Ryan ONeil stated he appeared to be well spoken and above average in intelligence. Furthermore SMITH exhibited a superior knowledge of criminal law especially in laws pertaining to the cultivation and sale of marijuana. Having been previously arrested for similar behaviour as well as for the sale of marijuana cookies SMITH did not appear ignorant to the current situation. It became very clear that SMITH was informed and did not appear to have anything to hide about how the organization worked. On the stand, officer ONeil stated that I was the most cooperative suspect he had ever encountered. Expert police witness, Constable Cronk, gave evidence that the business was run like a pharmacy.
After starting to go public with the CBC in 1997, I wrote two letters to the chief of police, first inviting him to speak at a rally and then explaining who I was and why I wanted to invite him to the event. The 2nd letter is attached Exhibit B.

6)In the past 10 years I have organized and hosted over 800 cannabis rallies, conventions, public presentations and information booths. Over this time I have heard hundreds of personal stories regarding the effects of the cannabis laws upon society. I have also attended many other public speaking events, community forums, and city council meetings, where many professionals, professors, lawyers, law enforcement agents, politicians, health care and social workers have questioned the effectiveness and motivation of the prohibition of cannabis.
This includes two presentations I made to the Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs which recommended legalization in its report titled, CANNABIS: OUR POSITION FOR A CANADIAN PUBLIC POLICY, Sept 2002.
The Senate Committee listened to my arguments suggesting Canada hold an international conference to sign a new drug convention and form a Cannabis Control Board, including these two recommendations in its final report.

7)I have sat in the courtroom to watch over a dozen cases regarding the sale, use and cultivation of cannabis. Most of these cases involve the medical use of cannabis. I have watched completely unrelated cases while waiting for my own file to be heard. I have been arrested 5 times while publicly challenging the law and have had, to date, all charges dropped or delayed, leaving me with no criminal record after over 9 years of activism. While preparing my defense, and assisting others, I have read many significant precedent-setting court decisions. After being arrested twice in Nov 2000, I was granted a Constitutional Question Hearing to argue that enforcing the trafficking laws allowed for the violation of several sections of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. My arguments start by suggesting the cannabis laws are grossly disproportionate in nature and in action, undermining progress in areas of public health, public order, public peace, public safety and morality. The cannabis laws are counter-productive when considering the long-term effects of the law and the cannabis plant upon youth, pregnant women, substance addicts and people with mental health, heart and lung problems. The attached Exhibit C, Constitutional Question Notice was filed on Feb 12, 2004 regarding Court File Nos. 112460, 112476, 118904 and 119015,

8)For over 9 years I have been working with people who are constantly breaking the cannabis laws and therefore have very important personal and professional reasons to be constantly aware of current cannabis affairs. This includes, but is definitely not limited to, the current market value of cannabis, published medical research, costs associated with growing cannabis, standard police operating procedures, existing exemptions or regulations for medical use, leading case law, and the publics perception of the punishments associated with using and growing cannabis given the unreliable media reports covering the issue.
I have worked very close to people using and growing cannabis for medical purposes for over 9 years, giving me plenty of incentive to study cannabis laws, regulation, court precedents and proposed changes to legislation. This perspective allows me to explain why individuals take such great risks in the production and sale of cannabis.

Leon Edward Ted Smith
9383 Maryland Dr. Sydney B.C., V8V 2R5
(250)-656-7128 0r (250)-381-3262 (work)

1989 -1994: Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ont.
Bachelor Of Arts Major: Philosophy Related Courses: Economics, Math, and Business
Rugby Club Player for 5 yrs, MVP club team 92
Member of Lettermans club
Wrote sports articles for school paper

High School
1983 – 1989: Galt Collegiate Institute, Cambridge, Ont. Diploma: SSHGD
Valedictorian of Graduating Class of 1988
White House Captain 1988
Member of school council 1986-89
Captain of Chess team 1987-89
Played on both rugby and football teams

Founder of Cannabis Buyers Club Of Canada, 1996
Founding President International Hempology101 Society, 1996-present
Author of Hempology 101 Textbook
Acquitted of trafficking charges by Justice Chaperon on Sept.03/04
Publisher of medical cannabis journal: Cannabis Digest, 2003-present
Mayoral candidate for Victoria, 2002
Cofounder of Concerned Citizens for Clean Energy, 2000-01
CRUNCH Downtown Youth Representative, 1997-99
General Manager of the Bent Nail on behalf of the VSCA, 1999
Director and Past Acting President of Victoria Street Community Association, 1998-99
Member of Mayors Task Force on Safety and Quality of Life Downtown, 1998
YOUTHSPEAKS participant at Victoria International Development and Education
Association, 1998-99
Founding Board Member of Greater Victoria Community Economic Development
Corporation, 1997-98
Director of Inner City Youth Works, 1996-98
Played rugby for 6 yrs with Waterloo County, 1988-93
Captain of Cambridge under 19 chess team, 1986-89
Boy Scout for 6 yrs
Written several unpublished books
Featured in hundreds of newspaper, radio and television interviews

1997 Letter to Victoria Chief of Police

By Ted Smith
Founder, Victoria’s Hempology 101 Society
March 19, 1997

Dear Doug Richardson

Your quick response to my letter is much appreciated and I apologize for replying so slowly, but such things require the utmost patience and careful attention. I welcome the opportunity to further explain my activities as president of Victoria’s Hempology 101 Society.

Included with my letter you will find a copy of our constitution, our year-end financial statements, two pages of information released by the Canadian government and a page with the names, signatures and addresses of the directors. I hope that this information proves useful, and if you require more specific data, I will gladly provide that to you as soon as possible. It is our hope that you will consider participating in the Harm Awareness Day, which has been moved to Centennial Square (same date and time), and we wish to do everything possible to allow that to happen.

Before I get into these topics further, I feel as though it is necessary to give you some information about myself. My parents moved off dairy farms into a village, Monkton, Ont. Where I lived until I was 9 and where my family members on both sides have been working the land for 6 generations and counting. I lived in Cambridge, Ont., for the next 12 years, until I went to Wilfred Laurier University in Waterloo, Ont., I started in economics and math, leaving with a philosophy degree. Then I saved my money for a summer and came to the west coast, like so many other youth who have become disgusted with the industrialization and pollution of Southern Ontario.

During these last 6 years I have been reading, writing and thinking a lot. I have written 8 books, including a textbook for Hempology 101 which will be out this summer. I consider myself to be a cross between a professor and a doctor, a philosopher and a healer. My unusual experiences and unique sense of wisdum have nurtured the ability to function well in the bush, on the farm and around the streets with kids, parents and elders. It is these interpersonal skills and educational materials which led me to Victoria 18 months ago.

Besides Hempology 101, I am involved in many other organizations on Vancouver Island. I volunteer my services to Inner City Youth Works Society, which provides a much need center for the most disadvantaged people in our society, giving them the matierals, knowledge and inspiration to create positive changes for themselves and the world around them. I am a member of Victoria’s Community Economic Developmemnt Corporation which will be focused upon creating businesses in Victoria which include both social and economic goals within their mandate. I am a member of the Vancouver Island Private Interest Research Group, based out of U. of Vic., and the B.C. Anti-Prohibition League. I am the secretary/treaturer of the Landslide Salmon Society which intends on restoring streams damaged by poor forestry practices using the help of marginalized people and laid-off forestry workers. I am also secretary/treasurer of the Vancouver Island Terra Firma Society which is dedicated to teaching people how to make tools and art from materials available in the wilderness, particularly clay pottery and twig furniture, so as to be able to maintain a self-contained community.

When I moved to Victoria from Vancouver to start Hempology 101, 1.5 years ago, I was quite aware of the political and economic situation that I was walking into. At no time did I entertain thoughts of radical stunts or sensational media coverage. The issues of substance abuse, prohibition and freedom of medical treatment are extremely important, demanding serious and profession action on all occasions. Since I arrived I have been quite busy organizing meetings and collecting information, sa well as incorporating as a non-profit society.

After meeting several people who depend upon marijuana to alleviate pain, and in particular some AIDS patients who are extremely discouraged with theirsituation, then reading more literature concerning the history of the use of Cannabis sativa and it’s suppression by large drug companies, I decided that something needd to be done for these people. Since they are too sick and financially burdened to coordinate such an activity, a few other people who shared my concerns joined with me to start Canada’s first Cannabis Buyers Club.

Since that time, myself, and several other people in and out of our society, have been providing marijuana and marijuana-based products to chronic and terminally ill people. As the society itself does not yet have the authority to legally supply these people, a status we are preparing to obtain or are willing to let any level of government do, it is up to individuals to independently work around the organization. So the society itself is not officially involved in personal transactions between members.

With the exception of one newspaper article, in which you were also interviewed in the Victoria News, Dec 6, 1996, our society has not received any media coverage. Instead, we rely upon word-of-mouth to communicate to members and the public. We would like to extend an invitation to you to attend, officially or unofficially, any one of our meetings. They are Wednesdays, 2:30 to 4:00 p.m., at U of Vic’s MacLaurin Bldg. rm #D110, until the end of March, and 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. in the Main Library courtyard on Broughton St. and on Thursday nights, 7:30 to 9:00 p.m., at the James Bay United Church, 511 Michigan St.

I am aware of the fact that I just admitted to you that I am engaged in what is considered to be an illegal activity and I would like to further explain why I feel that it is necessary for me to do so at this time. Since I began this venture I have been very concerned with jeapordizing my personal safety, those who are helping me and especially the health and well-being of out clients. Many have chosen not to affiliate themselves with me because of their fear of arrest and persecution, from family members and society as a whole. Those who have joined this organization have placed a great deal of trust in my ability to help further the awareness of medical marijuana.

This activity definitely falls under the category of civil disobediance, though I have been attempting to be as civil and responsible as possible under the circumstances. I have been extremely particular about who I help with medical marijuana, turning away many people who do not need it as seriously as those who have incurable or life-threatening diseases. Everyone must be over the age of 18 unless they have written and verbal permission from their parent(s) or guardian. I do not sell on the street, not have I solicited this operation to anyone, unless I felt it was imperative for them to know what I was doing, i.e. when I spoke to the City Council last November.

There is one major difference between what I am doing and what most people who engage in acts of civil disobediance do. In most cases, the activist fully intends upon challenging a law in the courts to justify their position. I do not want to be arrested, and no one within this organization wants to be arrested, either. We are peaceful, Earth-loving people who are trying to implement positive changes within our community. Most of our clients are too sick to go to jail, though it was a risk they were taking even before they joined our club, when they used marijuana to help with their ailment.

I have the utmost respect for you and hte job that you are doing. I would like to help you protect our community from people who inflict pain and suffering upon innocent citizens. I would also like to help deal with the problems associated with other drugs, particularly heroin, alcohol and cocaine, as I personally knew 3 of the kids who died last summer and do not want to live through something like that again. The problems of gang violence, theft, extortion, prostitution and child poverty are all related to the prohibitionist’s stance of “Say No To Drugs”, a policy which creates unhealthy living conditions and mistrust of authority. It is my belief that we can work together to curb the negative effects of drug use, while encouraging trust and cooperation between the police force and the street community.

The developments with the medical marijuana community in the United States have played a key role in establishing credibility for our organization. Since the people of Arizona and California have voted in favour of supplying some sick people with the herb, we have felt even more confident in our ability to come forward without risking long jail terms of public disgrace. With so many doctors, politicians, lawyers, judges and concerned citizens fully supporting these changes, it should not be long before the entire country has legalized the use of marijuana for medical purposes.

San Fransisco began the crusade for medical marijuana after the Mayor and District Crown Attorney both came forward in support of this activity. The San Fransisco Cannabis Buyers Club opened it’s doors in Feb. ’94, with the support of the City and it’s police department. This was done, for the most part, by members of the AIDS community, focusing upon Denis Peron, whose partner died of AIDS before the club opened and in who’s memory the club was founded. This group has been instrumental in the reintroduction of medical marijuana.

The United States Federal Government, however, is not as cooperative as the local authorities in San Fransisco. In fact, three times the DEA, the last time using Navy Seals personnel at night, have busted the CBC, in an attempt to maintain the status quo imposed upon drug users in Western civilization. This is despite the fact that so many doctors and patients are coming forward with evidence to prove how marijuana helped them when nothing else would. Since the “War On Drugs” is based upon old, traditional trains of thought, it is hard for many people to see beyond it to the greater issues.

To combat the propaganda being spready by the Federal government, the New England Medical Journal just published an editorial supporting the use of marijuana for some people with some illnesses, the most serious of these being AIDS, cancer, glaucoma and Multiple Sclerosis. It is also an attempt to clarify why doctors would be willing to lose their jobs if they were stopped from prescribing marijuana because they are more dedicated to the health and safety of the patient, than the health of the political arena.

Elsewhere, several cities and municipalities in Europe have began to allow the sale of marijuana and/or heroin in an attempt to curb the megative side effects of substance use. Delfzijl, a city in the Netherlands, actually owns a cannabis bar, using the tax money to strengthen community programs. Statistically speaking, these programs have reduced crime while saving lives, with HIV infections seriously declining in those places where a non-judgemental harm reduction model has been used.

Our situation here in Victoria is quite unique. With the Provincial Government in town, there’s a lot of national and international attention paid to the activities on this city’s streets. Many people are depending upon this city to play an instrumental role in leading British Columbia and the rest of the world, out of these troubled times. We feel that it is imperative that the people of Victoria have access to all information, if this leadership role is to be fulfilled, hence our concentration upon the conversation around medical marijuana.

I hope that it is possible for us to establish and maintain a professional relationship, based upon trust, honesty and respect. There seems to me no reason why everyone cannot work together through these changing times, and I hope that you accept this invitation to begin establishing cooperation and friendship between our two organizations.

We will not be publicly speaking about the Cannabis Buyers Club until April 20, at which time we wish to further introduce ourselves to the city of Victoria. Until that time we will attempt to keep our operation out of the public eye.

It is my hope that you, or someone else from your department, would come to speak on behalf of the police in regards to the issues I presented in the Harm Awareness exposition I gave to you before. It is imperative that the law enforcement agencies work with the social service and health sectors of our community to ensure a safe environment in Victoria. We need cooperation from all levels of government, corporations and individuals if we are to solve the growing economic, environmental and social problems facing us today.

If you were to show support for our operation, it would open the door for the Provincial and Federal Government to begin seriously discussing their participation in helping these people who need marijuana for their ailments. This is perhaps the most crucial aspect of our operation, as we do not have the facilities or inclination to provide medical marijuana to everyone who needs it, and would prefer it if our government was able to perform that service.

In conclusion, I would like to emphasize that I am willing to cooperate with you, the police department and our government, as much as possible, as I coordinate Hempology 101, the Vancouver Island Cannabis Buyers Club and the Harm Awareness Day. If you would like any further information, please contact me at 381-3262. Thank you for your time and consideration.

Yours Truly,

Leon Smith

Josie Janecek

Ron Pantherbone

Lesley Davies

Dave Bush

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